It's hard for the hottest craftsman to find the hi

2022-07-24
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One "craftsman" is hard to find: the hidden worry of manufacturing industry in the census

technical talents are still the pain in the hearts of manufacturing enterprises. Recently, the data of the seventh national census was released, and these data quickly gained wide attention from all walks of life

the population problem is also an issue that the manufacturing industry pays close attention to. In particular, the population is closely related to the labor force, which is also related to the balance between supply and demand of labor in the future for the manufacturing industry, which is caught in labor recruitment difficulties and labor shortage

compared with the sixth population census (2010), the national population increased by 5.38%, an increase of 72.06 million. The total population has maintained a low-speed growth trend. In addition, the original base is large, and the demographic dividend still exists. On the other hand, it is also an indisputable fact that the labor force population is gradually decreasing: compared with the sixth census, the working age population aged 16 to 59 has decreased by more than 40 million; Even if the retirement age is extended by 65 years, the working age population aged 16 to 64 has decreased by more than 31 million

the data are consistent with the situation encountered by entrepreneurs: the number of college graduates is rising year by year, but the recruitment of manufacturing enterprises is cold year by year, especially under the impact of emerging industries and occupations such as takeaway and anchor

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earlier, among the top 100 most deficient types of work in China released by the Ministry of human resources and social security, automobile production line operators and packers entered the top 10; Among the 29 new jobs, 20 are directly related to manufacturing. Not only that, according to the data in the 2020 survey report on the employment shortage of front-line blue collar workers, nearly 70% of the surveyed enterprises have encountered the problem of labor shortage. The difficulty of employment in manufacturing enterprises is evident

in 2019, the Oxford Institute of economic research released a report that the installation of a new robot will reduce 1.6 jobs. By 2030, the employment of sensors in the global manufacturing industry as electronic components will be reduced by 20million. Although machines can replace the needs of a large number of general workers, it is still difficult to shake the positions of many senior technicians, and it is often difficult to find a craftsman at a high salary

with the development of manufacturing industry, the employment threshold has been raised year by year, and knowledge-based and skilled labor will become the mainstream. But in the traditional sense, skilled workers have been apprenticed for three years and graduated for ten years. The training of senior skilled workers is indeed much more difficult than that of the express brother

it is undeniable that behind the changes in the working population are factors such as changes in the times and changes in the concept of employment. While the state makes relevant regulation and control, the manufacturing industry, which breaks through the encirclement with the demographic dividend, should also recognize the transformation behind this: the transformation of development mode and the upgrading of industrial structure are imminent, and the way to win is to actively think about and take the initiative to make corresponding changes

for example, there is a shortage of labor. Some manufacturing enterprises have started the automation transformation. With the help of the power of robots, some repetitive labor forces have been supplemented, reducing the employment demand of some general workers. Some enterprises have started to upgrade their products. By means of improving processes and optimizing processes, they have improved product quality and opened up new markets

at the same time, technical talents are still the pain in the hearts of manufacturing enterprises. Some enterprise leaders said that even if the salary is increased by%, it is not possible to recruit a suitable technician. Kevlar is still a craftsman under the high salary. In fact, Kevlar is a commercialized registered trademark of aramid fiber composites developed by DuPont

and then to start the experiment

especially in the digital transformation period, manufacturing enterprises need compound talents who can cross-border integration and bypass by analogy to help them extract knowledge from data, and then turn knowledge into reusable algorithm models; Or give them professional advice to avoid turning and forking on the road of transformation

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